When Ohio’s largest high school, William Mason High School (Mason), dropped the honors of Valedictorian and Salutatorian as well as overhauled their GPA system there was an uproar heard across social media. Accusations of MHS “going soft” were flying.
I was surprised by the outcry as this is far from the first high school to make either move. Perhaps the responses were due to citing students’ mental health as a factor in dropping the honors. As I pondered this and perused both positive and negative responses, my first thought as an independent counselor was most really don’t understand how colleges view GPA when considering an applicant.
GPA’s are tricky for colleges. Survey 5 different high schools, and you will likely find 5 different options including some of the following:
- No weighting for honors, AP or College Credit Plus classes
- Weighted grades for rigorous coursework with the weight being different from high school to high school
- 7-point or 10-point grading scales or other variations
- Include pluses or minuses, or not
- Percentage scale instead of the point system
- List on transcript weighted only, unweighted only or both
With so many variations, it’s easy to see how comparing GPA’s is comparing apples to oranges. The generally accepted scale for colleges is 4.0 which allows for a more fair comparison of students.
In order to get to a more apples-to-apples approach, few colleges look at simply the GPA when assessing grades, the #1 factor of “getting in”. Among the methods of analysis of grades behind the admissions office doors are:
- Looking closely at rigor (not just GPA) – what classes were taken and grades earned. Colleges want to see that students appropriately challenge themselves with the options offered at the school. Students are not penalized if the school lacks a wide variety of rigorous options. The question is have you taken advantage of what is offered.
- Recalculating weighted GPA back to a 4.0 scale for all applicants
- Recalculating GPA (weighted or unweighted) to include only core subjects: English, math, science, social studies, foreign language
- Recalculating GPA to include a standard weight for rigorous coursework
Does Class Rank Matter?
When a high school does not publish class rank or award Valedictorian or Salutatorian, it is not held against the student and is simply not a factor in the admission equation; it is not hurting or helping the student. In my hometown of Greater Cincinnati, it was more than a decade ago that most area schools eliminated publishing class rank; Mason was among them.
While many students think the perfect 36 ACT or taking all AP’s or yes, even being Valedictorian is a ticket to the Ivy League or similar, they are sadly mistaken. It’s been documented in one recent admission cycle that Stanford rejected 69% of applicants with perfect scores, and I assure you the freshman class was not made up of only perfect-scoring students. I once sat in a meeting with a Yale admissions officer who stated 60% of perfect score applicants were not admitted in favor of students with lower scores but a better holistic picture. I can give countless examples of this including Ben Shumaker from Michigan who was Valedictorian among 536 students yet not admitted to a single Ivy, USC or Case Western.
What Does Matter?
Data and Voice. The vast majority of colleges take a holistic approach to evaluating applicants. The data is the GPA, course work taken as well as ACT/SAT. But many people forget that voice is an enormous component. Voice is your essays, resume of activities, recommendation letters, and interviews (if offered). For highly selective schools where all of the students have similar high achieving data, the voice is what makes the difference and most notably the resume.
This advice of New Your Times bestselling author Frank Bruni is a great reminder. Be the best you, and if this includes admittance to a coveted Ivy, bravo for you; I will be the first to congratulate you! Regardless, perfect scores, 4.0 GPA’s, Valedictorian status don’t define you or your future. Just look at the list of Fortune 500 CEOs.